IVF is not a single procedure, but a cycle that consists of many procedures. Each of them is strategically timed to be performed for higher efficiency. Test tube baby in Bathinda clinics is relatively inexpensive with a great success rate. In normal IVF conditions, multiple cycles of IVF are performed in which each cycle takes around half a month. This article describes the procedure of IVF cycles in an understandable way for a layman.
IVF (In-vitro Fertilization) is a treatment that is sought by people who have a problem in fertilization or might be suffering from infertility. The patient needs to discuss this problem of fertilization with some prescribed and trustable Gynecologist in Bathinda who will help you out in finding a solution. Usually, there are 5 major phases in which the whole process of IVF is divided.
Phase 1: Ovulation Induction
To stimulate ovaries for producing eggs, medication is provided that enhances the efficiency of ovaries. The medication and the amount of it changes from patient to patient. There are several types of uses for these medications.
- Oocyte Maturation
- Preventing Premature Ovulation
- Preparing Uterus Lining
Phase 2: Egg Retrieval
Egg retrieval is done in between the time where they have matured but before the process of ovulation starts. In a single session, multiple eggs can be retrieved. The eggs that matured are then stored in safe storage. If they stay healthy, there tried to fuse with the male sperm cell to perform In-Vitro Fertilization.
Phase 3: Sperm Retrieval
A sample of sperm is required in this phase. The male is asked to masturbate, if he is not able to do masturbation, the method of testicular aspiration is implemented. This procedure takes a needle to extract sperms from testicles. The sperms are then extracted from the liquid present in the semen to make it ready for the next phase.
Phase 4: Fertilization
This phase includes the mating of sperm and eggs for the first time. If the process brings a success, an embryo is produced. This mating of sperms and eggs can be done in two ways:
- Insemination: This process is relatively the same as it takes healthy sperms and healthy eggs are kept together in the same storage.
- Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI): A direct-inject of sperm is pushed through the egg. This method is effective if the semen has a low amount of sperms or the quality of the semen is compromised.
Phase 5: Embryo Transfer
At last, if everything goes well, if the fertilization is successful, the chances of multiple embryos into the uterus transfer increases. The embryo/embryos developed are then placed into the uterus using a syringe. This process of transferring the embryo into uterus gets successful, it is called impregnation.