Fertility is a sensitive topic for many couples. Struggling to conceive a child naturally can hit many people. Both make and females have a 50-50 chance of infertility. In this blog, we will talk about male infertility or specifically about no sperm count as an issue.
It is also known as Azoospermia. It is a complete lack of sperm during ejaculation. Azoospermia is a condition that impacts around 1 percent of all men and approximately 10 to 15 % of infertile men. With the help of an Azoospermia treatment in In Bathinda, you can overcome this problem.
Types Of Azoospermia
There are two types of azoospermia, and they include:
- Non-obstructive Azoospermia
- Obstructive Azoospermia
The actual cause of non-obstructive azoospermia is hormonal abnormalities or other disorders that can impact spermatogenesis. It is a method of growing mature sperm cells. Genetic abnormalities such as Y chromosomal abnormalities or Klinefelter Syndrome are the leading causes of azoospermia. In some cases, infection, cancer, trauma, or radiation can also affect Azoospermia. Until recently, the doctors in the best IVF centre in Punjab considered men with this condition to be irreversibly infertile. Due to much research and advanced technology, doctors can now detect the sperm present in the testes despite being absent during ejaculation. One such advanced technology includes Testicular sperm extraction. This helps retrieve the sperm for in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
The sperm production is quite normal in Obstructive Azoospermia. But there is an obstruction that stops the general transportation of sperm via the post-testicular ductal system. Almost 40 % of the patients suffer from obstructive azoospermia. Different reasons could lead to obstructive azoospermia, including acquired blockages after vasectomy or birth and the absence of vasa deferentia. Other causes of obstructive azoospermia are:
- Prostatic calcification.
- Ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO) occurs due to chronic prostatitis.
- The cysts of the seminal vesicles or prostate lead to compression of the ducts.
What Are The Treatment Options Available For Azoospermia (No Sperm Count)?
Typically, the doctors advise two types of infertility treatment strategies for infertile men suffering from obstructive azoospermia. The two treatments include sperm retrieval from the testes or epididymis with the help of IVF or ICSI and cryopreservation. The other method is the surgical correction of the obstruction. The surgeons often use microsurgical reconstruction in order to correct the obstruction in the epididymis or vas deferens. Whereas transurethral resection of the ejaculatory ducts (TURED) treats the EDOs. In case the doctors do not slide with the surgery, which generally happens in the non-obstructive azoospermia or when your partner is also suffering from some infertility condition.
How Can You Prevent Azoospermia?
There is no particular way to prevent the genetic issue of azoospermia. However, if it is not genetic, you can follow the given points to reduce the chance of azoospermia.
- Avoid exposure to radiation
- Learn the benefits and risks of medication that can harm sperm.
- Avoid exposure to testes in too hot a temperature for a longer duration.
Contact Gem Hospital and IVF Centre and book your initial consultation with our qualified doctors for more details.