Infertility has become a major problem among men and women. This means that the couple is not able to conceive naturally in spite of unprotected intercourse. In this article, we are going to highlight the different options for female and male infertility treatment.
How infertility is evaluated by the doctor?
To determine infertility, the doctor is going to determine your sexual history, health history, medications, and sex habits. When you visit the IVF centre your doctor will evaluate everything so that the best possible treatment option is given to the patient.
Fertility test for Men
- Semen & Sperm analysis
- Genetic testing
- Testicular Biopsy
- Hormone Testing
Fertility test for Women
- Ovulation Testing
- Ovarian Reserve Testing
- Hormone Testing
- Imaging Tests
Around 80% of the couple are facing infertility due to ovulation issues, sperm problems, or blocked fallopian tubes.
What are the treatment options?
Infertility treatment will depend on different factors:
- Reason of infertility
- Infertile for how long
- Age of both partners.
- Personal choice
In some cases, when there is a blockage in the fallopian tube, endometriosis tissue, or varicocele issue (veins get wide) then surgery can de be done.
The patients who are facing infertility due to infection in the reproductive system can be prescribed antibiotics.
To treat the issue of ejaculation or erection the medications are prescribed to the patients.
For women, fertility drugs can also help women to ovulate and also solve the issue of hormonal imbalance.
- Hormone treatment
In many cases, the hormonal imbalance affects the fertility then hormonal treatment is given.
Assisted reproductive technology
In many cases, the doctor recommended the option of ART as the first-line treatment or if the problem is very severe. Some of its types are:
- IUI (Intrauterine insemination)
Men who are not able to produce enough sperm or some other issue then IUI is helpful. In this case, sperm is collected and the place is the woman’s reproductive tract when she is ovulating.
- IVF (In-Vitro-Fertilization)
This is the most effective treatment option and its success rate is also very high. In this approach, the egg & sperm is collected and placed in the lab. This results in fertilization and they are kept together for 3 to 5 days. This results in the embryo and then it is transferred back to the reproductive tract.
- ICSI (Intracytoplasmic sperm injection)
In this type, healthy sperm is taken and injected directly into the egg. This is used when the sperm or semen quality is poor.
- ZIFT (zygote intrafallopian transfer) and GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer)
With ZIFT, the egg & sperm are kept together in the lab and after 24 hours the fertilized egg is placed back in the tube.
With GIFT, the egg & sperm are placed together in the fallopian tube.