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What are the infertility causes, types, diagnosis, and treatment options?

What are the infertility causes, types, diagnosis, and treatment options?

What are the infertility causes, types, diagnosis, and treatment options

Quick Inquiry

What is infertility?

You have visited your gynecologist in Punjab, and through a diagnosis, you got to know about ‘INFERTILITY’. It is the situation when a couple cannot conceive after having unprotected sex from 6 to 12 months. In such a case, you must visit the best IVF centre in Punjab to boost your chances of conception and understand what you need to do.

Types of Infertility

  • Primary Infertility

Primary infertility is the situation when a couple is trying for 12 months, despite unprotected sex or birth control measures, but results are not coming successfully.

  • Secondary Infertility

Secondary Infertility is a situation when a couple has conceived in the past, but now they are having trouble.

Causes of Male Infertility

Semen and sperm – In some cases, sperm cannot reach the egg to fertilize it. Some of the problems which can occur are:

  • Low sperm mobility
  • Low sperm count
  • Abnormal sperm

If the sperm is abnormal then sperm will not be carried effectively. This problem is likely to happen due to:

  • Overheated testicles
  • Ejaculation problem
  • Medical problem
  • Hormonal imbalance

Additional causes

  • Genetic factors
  • Mumps (testicle inflammation)
  • Hypospadias (urethral opening is under the penis)
  • Radiation therapy
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Medications
  • Age
  • Exposure to chemical
  • Overweight
  • Chemotherapy
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Mental stress
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

Causes of female infertility

Different factors can affect the woman’s fertility. Some of the possible factors are:

  • Age
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Eating habits
  • Diet
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Exercise

Medical conditions

Female infertility is mostly due to ovulation issues as it affects the cycle when the eggs are released. The problem can happen due to:

  • Poor egg quality
  • Chronic conditions
  • Thyroid issue
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Premature Ovarian Failure

Additional causes

  • Endometriosis
  • Submucosal fibroids
  • Surgery
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Previous sterilization treatment

Diagnosis

For both the patients, the doctor will ask in detail about the medical history, sexual habits, medications, and perform a physical examination.

Infertility tests for men

  • Semen analysis
  • Blood test
  • Ultrasound
  • Chlamydia test

Infertility tests for women

  • Blood test
  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Laparoscopy

Other tests include

  • Ovarian reserve testing
  • Genetic testing
  • Pelvic ultrasound
  • Chlamydia test
  • Thyroid function test

What are the treatment options?

Be it male or female, the treatment will depend on the reason for infertility.

Fertility treatments for men

  • Erectile problem

For premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction, the doctor suggests medications or behavioral therapy.

  • Retrograde ejaculation

Sperm is taken from the bladder and then injected into the egg in the lab.

  • Varicocele

In this case, the varicose vein is removed from the scrotum.

  • Epididymal blockage

In this case, the epididymis is corrected through surgery.

Fertility treatments for women

  • Clomifene (Clomid, Serophene)

Perfect for the women who do not ovulate regularly or at all, because of PCOS.

  • Metformin (Glucophage)

If the above-mentioned one did not help the women then this option is suggested.

  • Human menopausal gonadotropin, or hMG (Repronex)

It contains LH and FSH. if ovulation is not occurring then this injection is suggested.

  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (Gonal-F, Bravelle)

The pituitary gland produces it which helps to control the estrogen level in the ovaries and it allows the eggs to mature.

  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (Ovidrel, Pregnyl)

It is used in combination with FSH, clomiphene, and hMG. Through this, the eggs will ovulate at the necessary time.