If you are trying to conceive for a long time but are not able to get success, then HSG is one of the important tests suggested by the fertility expert. With the HSG test, it will help you understand better ‘What is making it difficult for you to conceive?’ The procedure is done in an out-patient setting and takes 30 minutes to do it. Through this the fallopian tubes are checked. The HSG test can also work along with other tests like FSH, USG, and LH.
What is a hysterosalpingogram?
HSG is a transvaginal method that helps the IVF expert to check and locate the issue. Before you opt for the IUI method, HSG will give a better image of the tubal status by checking the uterus and fallopian tubes. Basically, it will check the presence of:
- Blockage in the fallopian tubes
- Presence of the uterine fibroids
- Other health issues
In case, the tubes are blocked then it is possible that the egg is not able to meet the sperm and this will prevent the chances of conception.
When the doctor advises to perform HSG?
HSG is one of the first done which your IVF doctor will suggest you to get done, before you start the fertility treatment. In most cases, it is done after your menstrual cycle, between the 7th and 9th day. The procedure is helpful to avoid the procedure, when a women does not even know she is expecting. Moreover, the procedure does not include any type of surgical intervention. To get the procedure, you do not have to get the fasting done.
How is HSG done?
First of all, the nurse will clean and drape so that there is no risk of infection. While performing the HSG exam, a water-based iodine dye is filled into the uterine cavity with the help of a cannula which is inserted into the vaginal area. With the fluid movement, the problematic areas are checked by using the fluoroscopy or digital X-ray. If there are any spills, then it tells about the exact status of the fallopian tube. Moreover, the experts are able to check the entire structure and check the uterus and fallopian tube.
Is HSG a painful procedure?
With this approach, there is mild pain and cramping as the uterus area is checked. In some cases, the patient might feel intense pain, specifically when the fallopian tubes are blocked and pressure is built upon them. Although, the pain will go away when the procedure is done.
Are there any side effects of HSG?
NO, this procedure is completely safe. Chances of infection are rare and that too happens in just 1% of the cases. The doctor will suggest you the antibiotics for that and the problem will be addressed.
If you are having trouble conceiving, then you should consult the medical expert right away. With HSG test it will make it easier to determine what is the issue and accordingly you will be given the treatment plan.